Fall is fast approaching and with Fall we enter the element of Metal (Jin 金). Metal represents not just autumn but also dryness and white coloration, and in TCVM it is considered superficial and light.
Metal is also associated with the Lung. Lung Yin support the Lung Qi which controls the Lung function. Dryness and Heat can easily damage Lung Yin causing respiratory malfunction such as asthma or coughing. The Lung ensures the entire body has sufficient Qi with the breathing process will takes in new Qi and expels stale Qi.
The Lung is the most External Zang organ and has both an ascending and descending function. When Lung Qi descends it moves Qi and Body Fluids. When Lung Qi ascends it moves Wei Qi and Body Fluids to the Exterior to warm, provide moisture and protect the body. The Lung functions include:
The Lung governs Qi and respiration.
Extracts Qing Qi
Exhales dirty Qi
Creates Zong Qi
Qi leads the Blood
The Lungs control the channels and the blood vessels
The descending action of the Lung aids the Heart in pumping Blood.
Ying Qi is regulated by the Lung and flows with the Blood in the vessels.
The Lungs control the diffusing and descending of Qi
The Lungs distribute Wei Qi and Jin Ye (Body Fluids) in the fascial spaces (Cou Li).
Wei Qi warms and protects and the Jin Ye moistens.
Lung Qi must descend and communicate with the Kidney or inhalation cannot occur and Lung Qi cannot descend.
This will create coughing, breathlessness and heaviness in the chest.
Responsible for bringing water down to the Kidney and aids in urination.
The Lungs regulate all physiological activities
Qi leads the Blood and Blood carries the Qi.”
The body needs Qi to move and create Blood and Blood is needed to nourish the Qi.
The Lungs govern Qi so the primary organ to assist the Heart in circulating Blood.
Heart: the Emperor
Lung: Prime Minister or the Minister.
The Lungs regulate the Water passages
The Lungs spread clear fluid transformed by the Spleen over the entire body through the Cou Li (Triple Heater)
If this function is impaired edema may occur. Also, in combination with the Kidney, the Lung aids in water descending to be excreted.
The Lungs control the skin and the space between skin and muscles
The Lung controls the pores.
Excess conditions: pores are closed, sweating impeded.
Deficiency: pores may are open, sweating occurs easily, easier invasion by pathogenic factors.
The Lungs house the Corporeal Soul.
The Corporeal soul: the most somatic of the souls.
Closely related to Essence or Jing.
Involved with the “entering and exiting” of Jing. Important in the healthy function of the body.
Example: How Kidney plays a role in protecting the body against invasion of pathogens. (Zheng Qi= Yuan Qi + Wei Qi) Housed in the Lung.
Associated with the ability to have sharp, clear sensations and movements.
The Lungs are affected by worry, sadness and grief.
Sadness and grief dissipate Lung Qi and constrict the Corporeal Soul so that entering and exiting are affected.
Case Study by Dr. Alex Kintz-Konegge
Age: 8 years
Gender: FS, 9 lb
History: history of seasonal allergies, usually spring and fall, living in Western PA. She is kept inside only and is a single pet, with no other cats or dogs in the household. Her symptoms include military dermatitis all over her body with intense pruritus leading to barbering of her belly and medial legs, both front and back, and traumatic alopecia. The owner maintains year round flea prevention with a topical over the counter product.
Clinical Diagnosis (conventional): feline asthma with allergic dermatitis.
She has developed a dry cough, that seems worse in the early morning. Her respiration is labored at times with an increased respiratory rate of 40 breaths a minute. Occasionally an abdominal component to her breathing is observed, but no open mouth breathing has occurred. Her appetite has diminished greatly and she is more thirsty than usual.
Chest x-rays confirm a bronchial pattern in both lungs, leading to a Western diagnosis of feline asthma with allergic dermatitis. Her lab work demonstrates a normal white blood cell count with an increased number of eosinophils and mild lymphopenia. Her serum chemistry and thyroid levels are within normal limits.
Western treatment approach: oral prednisolone, 4 mg sid, tapering to 2 mg once skin lesions resolved for 2 more weeks. Plan to switch to Aerocat inhaler with maintenance steroid after oral steroid course completed
Tongue: dry, red
Pulse: deep and feel wiry, they are fairly even in strength with maybe a slightly weaker pulse on the left.
Coat: somewhat dry and brittle
The body surface does not feel warm, but Sarah is cool seeking, which surprises the owner, as the cat is usually looking for the warmest spot in the house.
- Seasonal allergies with itching: external wind
- Decreased appetite: spleen qi deficiency
- Increased thirst: yin deficiency
- Harsh dry cough: lung yin deficiency
- Brittle, dry coat: blood deficiency
- Cool seeking: yin deficiency
- Weaker pulse on left: yin deficiency
TCVM Diagnosis: Lung Yin deficiency with external wind.
- Nourish Yin
- Stop cough
weekly intervals for first four weeks, then monthly for maintenance.
- Gv20: permission point
- Gv14: support immune system
- Bl13: Back-Shu association point for the lung
- Fei Men, Fei Pan: stop cough
- Sp21: stop itching
- Bai Hui: qi point and permission point
- Ki3: tonify yin
Lily Formula, one teapill (160 mg) twice a day.
With acupuncture and herbs Sarah was able to wean off her oral steroids within a few weeks and has not needed the inhalant steroid treatments. Her respiratory rate and effort have been normal. She still occasionally coughs.
Further therapeutic steps include taking her off dry food and introduce wet food with cooling proteins like turkey and fish to help nourish yin.
Age: 3 years
Clinical Diagnosis (conventional): Asthma
Roscoe presented to his family veterinarian with a history of chronic, repetitive asthma attacks which occurred weekly. These attacks have been occurring for more than 2 years. Roscoe is being treated with prednisolone 2.5 mg PO EOD. This decreased the frequency of attacks from 3 times per week. Radiographs were unremarkable.
Roscoe’s appetite is fine, but not ravenous. His energy has been somewhat less than usual. He sneezes soft sneezes occasionally. His ears are two finger cool. He prefers warmer places to hang out such as on the rug in the sun. Occasional soft cough.
TCVM Diagnosis: Lung Qi Deficiency
- Asthma-Asthma has a Wind component and frequently Phlegm
- Sneezes- Rebellious Lung Qi
- Soft Cough-Weak cough, Rebellious Lung Qi most likely due to Qi Deficiency
- Pale Tongue-Qi Deficiency
- Soft Pulse-Qi Deficiency, +/- some Damp
- Tonify Lung Qi
- Stop cough/asthma
LU-7, LU-9, BL-13, BL-20, BL-23, ST-36, ST-40, CV-22, Ding-chuan, Fei-man, Fei-pan
- LU-7: Clears the channel
- LU-9: Yuan (Source) Point. Tonifies both Yin and Yang
- BL-13: Back-Shu Association Point for the Lung
- BL-20: Back-Shu Association Point for the Spleen
- BL-23: Back-Shu Association Point for the Kidney
- ST-36: Called the 3-mile Point, this acupoint is a major acupoint to tonify Qi everywhere in the body
- ST-40: Influential Point for Phlegm but also opens the chest and consolidates the Wei Qi by consolidating the Exterior. It also calms the Mind.i
- CV-22: Stops cough
- Ding-chuan: Stop cough
- Fei-man, Fei-pan: Stop cough
Chinese Herbal Prescription:
Bu Fei SanP
- Dose at 0.5g/ 10 lbs of body weight twice daily.
iMaciocia, Giovanni. The Foundations of Chinese Medicine E-Book (p. 989). Elsevier Health Sciences. Kindle Edition.
Edited by Greg Todd, DVM, CVA. Cases by Alex Kintz-Konegger, DVM, CVA, CVTP and Greg Todd, DVM, CVA